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Croatia Issued Stamps on Strictly Protected Floral Species

Snake’s head:Snake’s head is a strictly protected plant species from the lily family (Liliaceae). This perennial bulbous monocotyledon rarely grows higher than 20 cm and flowers in early spring, usually producing a single large flower. The snake’s head is a widespread species found almost in entire Europe and in western Asia, but is becoming increasingly rare in some regions due to habitat loss. It is thus featured in the Croatian Red Book as a vulnerable species (VU). Snake’s head is threatened mainly by human activity, including habitat destruction due to agriculture and urbanization, but also habitat neglect due to discontinuation of mowing and vegetation succession.Entire-petalled gorse:Entire-petalled gorse is a strictly protected plant species from the pea family (Fabaceae). This low-lying, very ramified shrub is only about 15 cm tall and sports silvery, fluffy young shoots. Unlike most species in its genus, entire-petalled gorse has no thorns and its leaves are not simple, but composed of three leaflets. Its inflorescences usually also comprise three golden-yellow flowers, with a build typical of the pea family. The entire-petalled gorse is in bloom between May and July. In Croatia, this relict North Illyrian endemic species inhabits sun-kissed, bora-swept grasslands from Gorski kotar to Southern Velebit, where its range ends. Entire-petalled gorse has also been found in Slovenia and Italy, but much more rarely than in Croatia, where it is a part of several endemic plant communities, and even entirely dominant in places. In spite of its relatively large range, the species is categorised as data deficient (DD) in the Croatian Red Book and in IUCN’s Red Lists.

Tommasini’s sandwort:Tommasini’s sandwort is a strictly protected plant species from the carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). The stenoendemic sandwort named in honour of Muzio Tommasini (1794-1879), botanist and Mayor of Trieste, as well as its close relative, the more widespread mossy sandwort (Moehringia muscosa), resemble a moss at the first glance. This frail, turfy perennial plant usually grows no higher than 10 cm. It is in bloom in April and May, when it produces small flowers with four white petals each. It resides in the cracks and on the shelves of wet and shady limestone outcrops in Kvarner and Liburnija as a part of equally endemic plant communities of the so-called karst edge at the north of the Istrian Peninsula.

Issue Date:20.03.2020 Designer:Dean Roksandić, designer from Zagreb Printer:AKD d.o.o., Zagreb Process:Offset Colours:Multicoloured Size:29.82 x 35.50 mm

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