UCI Road World Championships 2017
The Bergen region is hosting the UCI Road World Championships September 16-24.Several municipalities are sharing the event, and Bergen and Hordaland are set to show that they are prepared and ready for one of the largest championships in the world! The idea is to create a sports celebration, like Norway has done so many times before. UCI Road World Championships will include 12 events with more than 1,100 participants from 80 countries.Cycling attracts a world-wide audience, and it is estimated that approximately 300 million people will follow the TV broadcast of the championships. The organiser hopes that around 500,000 people will come in person to watch the championships in the Bergen region, which also includes Fjell, Askøy and Øygarden. The mass start will go through downtown Bergen via Loddefjord and around northern Sotra. Bergen competed with Innsbruck, Melbourne and Bogota to host the event, and the city was announced the winner in September 2014.
Issue Date: 16.06.2017 Designer: Ragnar Aalbu Printer: Joh. Enschedé Security Print Process: Offset
450th Anniversary of Fredrikstad
King Frederik II’s city on the shores of Glomma can look back on a rich history. King Frederik II founded Fredrikstad, thus immortalising his name in Norway. After the Swedes burned down Sarpsborg during the Nordic Seven-Year War, the King gave permission for the inhabitants to rebuild the city closer to the mouth of the Glomma river. On 12 September 1567, King Frederik signed the document and Fredrikstad was established. Fredrikstad became an important part of the country’s defence, and during the Great Nordic War that started in 1700, Admiral Peter W. Tordenskjold commanded his fleet from Fredrikstad. Between 1570 and 1830, all or parts of Fredrikstad were repeatedly levelled by fires. By the last fire that ravaged the entire town in 1764, the church had burned down six times.
The abandonment of the sawmill privileges in 1860 led to the most important period of growth in Fredrikstad’s history. Today, Fredrikstad is one of Norway’s largest cities. Østfold University College and the Norwegian Institute of Journalism are located in Fredrikstad, and the newspapers Fredriksstad Blad and Demokraten are published here as well.
The Old Town with its well-preserved fortress town attracts both locals and tourists, and is one of Fredrikstads most important sights.
Issue Date: 16.06.2017 Designer: Magnus Rakeng Printer: Joh. Enschedé Security Print Process: Offset Values: NOK 23
Marcus Thrane and Eilert Sundt
Marcus Thrane was a Norwegian teacher, publicist, journalist and political activist. He is known as the man behind the Thranite Movement, the first large political mass movement in Norway. He was born into one of the wealthiest families in Christiania, but at the age of 21 he travelled to Germany, Switzerland and Great Britain, where he became aware of socialism and the worker’s movement. These ideas would later form his life and career. In 1848, Thrane founded his first labour union in Drammen, the start of what would later be called the Thrane Movement. The next union was formed the following year in Christiania. Thranites were fighting for greater political representation for workers, who did not have the right to vote back then, as well as social and legal reforms. In addition to their pure political activities, the labour unions also rolled out a comprehensive project to educate the general public. Around 1850, the Thranite movement peaked at 30,000 members and almost 400 local unions. Marcus Thrane was equally well received in both urban and rural regions since large parts of the country were simmering with discontent. The gap between the “haves and have-nots” was large. In 1851, Thrane was arrested on the charge of encouraging a revolt. He spent seven years in prison. When he was released, his movement had dissipated and he emigrated to the USA in 1863, where he passed away on 30 April 1890.
Eilert Sundt :Eilert Sundt, born in 1817, was a Norwegian researcher in the area of social sciences and culture. He was one of the first to study Norway’s way of life and is considered to be the father of sociology in Norway. Even through his family was poor and education was often reserved for the rich, Sundt received the top score on the entrance exam to the Latin School in 1835, and at the age of 29 he graduated with a degree in theology. At this time, he was also teaching at a prison, and it was here he met gypsies and other Romani people who lived on the periphery of Norwegian society. He became inspired to study their language and philosophy. Starting in 1848 and for the next 21 years, Eilert Sundt received a grant to study the lowest classes, but over time his work expanded to include more general studies of Norwegian life. He produced a number of works on the topics of, for example, marriage, values, the poverty of the working class, temperance and life at home in Norway. Eilert Sundt travelled around visiting people and placed major importance on conversations. Everything was carefully recorded and then later re-written into a more academic style. Even though he stood firmly in the government culture himself, Sundt was viewed by many to be a radical. He founded Oslo Arbeidersamfunn in 1864, and as the editor of “Norsk Folkeblad” from 1857 to 1866 he went against the politicians, who punished him by taking away his grant in 1869. As consolation, he was named a parish priest in Eidsvoll. The appointment was an honour, but he was and wanted to be a researcher and reformer. Sundt is remembered as a pioneer in sociological mapping of the lifestyle of farmers and the working class, an astute, objective researcher and an eager spokesperson for public education and social reforms.
Issue Date: 16.06.2017 Designer: Sverre Morken Printer: Joh. Enschedé Security Print Process: Recess/offset Values: NOK 23 – NOK 30