Romfilatelia dedicates a new postage stamp issue to the anniversaries of this year, suggestively entitled Aviation, Anniversaries; From Coanda to F-16. Romanian army was among the first in the world to own aircrafts. Thus, between 1910 and 1911, aviation was put to the test during large scale military exercises and, because it has proven viable, on April 1st, 1912, the Military School of Flight was established at Cotroceni, the first structure of its kind in our army. Shortly after Romania entered World War I, the first Romanian fighter squadron was founded, an event from which we celebrated 100 years in 2016. IAR-99 is a single-engine subsonic jet, for school and advanced training. It was entirely developed in Romania. The prototype made its first flight on December 21st, 1985, under the pilot Lieutenant Colonel Stefanel Vagner. In 1996 the process of modernizing it to be compatible with MiG-21 “LanceR” was started.
Currently, the Romanian military aviation is entering a new phase, with the entry of F-16 into its endowment. This is a multi-purpose supersonic aircraft (designed to combat airborne targets, bring support for ground troops and aerial reconnaissance). Equipped with highly advanced weapons, it was built in over 4,500 units and is serving 26 states.
Issue Date: 16.10.2016 Designer: Mihail Vamasescu Process: Offset : 4 Size: Stamps size: 72 x 36 mm, Minisheet size: 178 x 128 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 155 x 97 mm (stamp size 52 x 42 mm) Values: 4.50 Lei, 15.00 Lei, 16.00 Lei
Laser Valley :Land of Lights
According to some testimonies of locals and some documents in the state archives, Magurele was Lady Stanca’s dowry estate and Michael the Brave passed the inheritance to a niece of theirs, Ilinca daughter of Nicolae Voivode Patrascu, who in turn, left it to her son Stefan Voivode Cantacuzino. Later Magurele was owned by several descendant boyar landowners and finally by the Otetelesanu family estate.
All that was the Otetelesanu Mansion became the starting place of the Institute of Atomic Physics, as agreed with and approved by Professor Horia Hulubei (1956). Under the directorship of Professor Horia Hulubei, IFA scored decisive moments not only in the history of science and technology in our country, but throughout our intellectual history: the first electronic computer (1957), installing the nuclear research reactor and the particle accelerator – cyclotron (1957 and 1958), the establishing of the first laser in Romania (1962).
This place, full of history and culture, has opened its doors to a new future, beyond the frontiers of knowledge, making ELI-NP the most advanced research infrastructure in the world that focuses on the study of photonuclear physics and its applications, benefiting from the exceptional performance of a high intensity laser.
To make this scientific project of international scope known to the general public, both national and foreign, Romfilatelia dedicates the postage stamps issue Beyond the frontiers of knowledge, Laser Valley – Land of Lights, inviting collectors to view a world set in a future that passes beyond the current barriers of knowledge.
The new infrastructure Laser Valley – Land of Lights offers researchers a European laboratory with a wide range of fields of science from cutting edge fundamental physics, innovative nuclear physics and astrophysics, to applications for nuclear materials, management of radioactive materials, materials science and life sciences.
Creator of the Romanian school of atomic physics, Horia Hulubei (1896 – 1972) conducted research in the Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of the Sorbonne. In 1933, he obtained his doctorate in physics at Paris, even becoming director of research at the University of Paris. Horia Hulubei constantly activated in the country as a professor at universities in Iasi and Bucharest, where, besides the intense work of scientific research, he had a very rich research and organization activity for the Institute of Physics, created in 1948 and headed by him until 1956, when he passed onto the leadership of the new Institute of Atomic Physics.
Horia Hulubei has the merit of having formed generations of specialists in atomic and nuclear physics, and making himself known for important scientific discoveries, in neutron physics, the study of transuranic elements, in the study of nuclear reactions and the disintegration of mesons.
As the first director of important research institutions, Horia Hulubei had a decisive role in commissioning – for the first time in the country – of a nuclear reactor (the second in Eastern Europe) and a cyclotron.
In recognition of the scientific authority of the great physicist, today, the National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering bears his name.
Another exceptional personality of the scientific field, world renowned physicist Ion I. Agarbiceanu (1907 – 1971) saw the light of day in Bucium, Alba county.
After a period of specialization in Paris, he obtained a PhD in physics with a thesis entitled Research on the spectrum of fluorescence and absorption of iodine vapours, considered by physicist Pringstreim as a reference work in the field.
In parallel with his research work, he conducted a well documented teaching activity, first at the Faculty of the University of Bucharest and at the Institute of Oil and Gas, then as professor of physics at the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest.
His scientific work was focused on atomic and nuclear physics research, carried out by optical methods. He has the merit of having initiated the first Romanian research into the physics of lasers, managing to produce in 1962 the first Romanian gas laser (type helium – neon), just one year after its launch abroad. No doubt that the laser is a major invention of our time. This was a truly exceptional discovery, making possible industrial processing that previously one could not imagine, surgery of great finesse, measurements reaching an unprecedented precision.
Issue Date: 16.10.2016 Designer: Mihail Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 5 + UV ink Size: Stamps size: 48 x 33 mm, Minisheet size: 116 x 111 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 105 x 90 mm (stamp size 52 x 42 mm) Values: 4.50 Lei, 8.00 Lei, 15.00 Lei
Discover Romania, Muntenia
Wallachia has as its birth record a decisive battle of the Wallachian Prince Basarab I and the King of Hungary, Charles Robert, a battle in which victory went to the Wallachians in the confrontation of Posada. The year inscribed in the pages of history: 1330.
The philatelic series Discover Romania, dedicated this year to Muntenia, brings together historic treasures and representative personalities of the area.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 2.50 highlights in a suggestive association the majestic silhouette of the Curtea de Arges Monastery and its founder, Neagoe Basarab. Starting with the first couple of King and Queen of Romania, Carol I and Elizabeth, and up to the present, the imposing monastery building watches over the royal family crypts.
The face value of Lei 3.50 belongs to the stamp reminiscent of ruler Constantin Brancoveanu, the Brancovenesc style ornaments present in his foundations.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 8 brings together in a defining composition the beauty of Muntenia’s folk costumes, carpets and decorative motifs, along with the valuable stone decorations of monastery buildings, valuable presences of the country’s history.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 15 illustrates Bucharest in a set of images representative for spirituality, culture through the Romanian Athenaeum, to which is added the statue of the great politician Ion. I.C. Bratianu.
Issue Date: 16.10.2016 Illustrator: Victor Telibasa Process: Offset Colours: 4 : Stamps size: 48 x 33 mm and 33 x 48 mm, Minisheet size: 111 x 116 mm; 116 x 111 mm, Block size: 162 x 156 mm(in philatelic album) Values: 2.50 Lei, 3.50 Lei, 8.00 Lei, 15.00 Lei