20 years of I.P.A. Romanian Section
Largest friendship organization of police around the world, the International Police Association – I.P.A. – came into being on January 1st, 1950.I.P.A. was established in Great Britain at the initiative of a police sergeant, Arthur Troop of Lincolnshire, England. A determined idealist, he wanted to create an appropriate framework for the friendship between policemen everywhere and their international cooperation.
The Romanian Chapter of I.P.A. was founded on August 31st, 1992 and affiliated with the I.P.A. on October 25th, 1996 at the initiative of Lieutenant General Phd. Engr. Iulian Medrea.With its 156 branches and over 45,000 members, I.P.A. Romanian ranks second worldwide
Issue Date: 24.08.2016 Designer: Vlad Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 4 Size: Stamps size: 48 x 33mm, Minisheets size: 164 x 132 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 100 x 100 mm (stamp size: ø 30 mm) Values: 8.00 Lei; 15.00 Lei
Cities of Romania:Cluj-Napoca
The year 2016 marks the celebration of 700 years since Cluj has been granted the status of city and on this occasion Romfilatelia introduces into circulation a thematic philatelic issue, from the Cities of Romania series dedicated to the Municipality of Cluj-Napoca.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 3.50 reproduces the image of the “Dormition of Virgin Mary” Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral, one of the most beautiful buildings of Cluj-Napoca, the Romanian Orthodox Cathedral, was built during the pastorate of Bishop Nicolae Ivan.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 4.00 reproduces the image of the Tailors’ Bastion (Tower), which was named after the tailors’ guild in Cluj which maintained it and had the task of safeguarding the city at that point, being the largest defence tower of the city that was entirely preserved.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 4.50 reproduces the image of the “Lucian Blaga” National Theatre and Romanian Opera.
The stamp with the face value of Lei 15.00 reproduces the image of “Babes – Bolyai” University.
Issue Date: 19.08.2016 Designer: Mihail Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 4 Size: Stamps size: 48 x 33mm; 33 x 48 mm, Minisheets size: 116 x 119 mm; 119 x 116 mm Values: 3.50 Lei; 4.00 Lei; 4.50 Lei; 15.00 Lei
The most beautiful and the highest road in Romania, Transalpina, is one of the “jewellery” roads of the country. Situated at more than 2000 m high, it can be crossed by car, reaching the maximum limit in Urdele Pass, 2.145 m. It was also called the “King’s Road”, since King Carol II inaugurated it by crossing it along with the royal family and the Prime Minister at that time, Gheorghe Tatarescu.
Lost in the mist of time, the legend of the first building of this road starts 2000 years ago. In terms of time maps, the “strategic corridor IV” was used by Romans on their way to Sarmisegetusa, while fighting against the Dacians. The local legends say that the road was built and paved by the Germans during the First World War, and yet currently, on exactly the same road, beauty seekers can find areas where history left visible traces over people and places.
What is certain is that this route, also known as the “Devil’s Path”, was initially no more than a small path used by shepherds. Nowadays, the local inhabitants speak proudly about this road, since their ancestors helped build it between 1800 – 1900.
“Transalpina” comes from Latin and means the “country beyond mountains”. Situated in the Southern Carpathians, the 148 km long road connects Oltenia and Transylvania between Novaci, in Gorj County and Sebes, in Alba County. The road crosses Parang Mountains from north to south and forms a parallel with Olt Valley and Jiu Valley.
The route is host to countless tourists coming to sit above the clouds and admire the breathtaking landscapes! Obviously, due to the high altitude, Transalpina is closed in certain periods of the year, especially during wintertime, but not at the same date every year. It is among the few roads in the country where you can reach the clouds by car and even beyond them.
Yet, Transalpina is not just a sensational road you can find at great heights and bearing wonderful landscapes, it is also a place where one can encounter many lakes – Oasa Lake, Galcescu Lake, Rosiile Lake – and caves, among which Muierilor Cave, Polovragi Cave, spectacular forms of relief specific to the mountainous area, of great landscape attraction, which stand out by high altitude peaks, ridges and glacial relief. The beauty of the places is enriched by the vigorous brushwoods of juniper, wild peony, blueberries and cranberries. The flora and fauna are specific to high mountains. As regarding the fauna, the chamois is frequently encountered, while the wolf and the brown bear are common presences.
The wonderful Transalpina came to be famous even abroad. Ranked by the team of the famous show Top Gear as the best driving road in the world, Transalpina also brought the team members of the British EVO Magazine to our country. Journalists Henry Catchpole and Dean Smith tested a car on the road that slithers through the mountains and they admitted that the route is wonderful and that they were won over by the high altitude road.
For those who use this road, it is imperative that they maintain the natural environment as beautiful and clean as it currently is. It is worth striving to feel the unprecedented pleasure to climb a road that leads you to the clouds and sometimes even above them.
The stamp and the souvenir sheet of the issue, by a special graphic approach, stand as an open invitation to a public of all ages, to go on a metaphoric journey across the clouds, on the “King’s Road”.
Issue Date: 12.08.2016 Designer: Victor Telibasa Process: Offset Colours: 4 Size: Stamp size: 36 x 36 mm, Minisheet size: 146 x 136 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 114 x 60 mm (stamps size: 48 x 33 mm) Values: 8.00 Lei; 15.00 Lei