500 Years of The Putna Holy Monastery
The Putna Monastery is the first and most important foundation of St. Stephen the Great (1457-1504) and has guarded, for over five centuries, the legendary land of Bukovina.On July 10th, 1466, the cornerstone of the monastery was laid, on an ancient hermitage hearth, on the place where God took the arrow from the ruler’s bow, who fired it from Cross Hill.
The Putna Monastery’s church, dedicated to the “Dormition”(Assumption), was to be completed in three years and would be consecrated on September 3rd, 1469. The monastery was destined, from the beginning, as the necropolis of the ruler’s family. It was endowed by its founder with many properties and jewels meant to provide for its existence and fulfillment of its spiritual purpose: apparel and liturgical objects, neatly trimmed service books, icons, bells and durable buildings.
The stamps illustrate the Putna Monastery, making a bridge between past and present. The stamp with the face value of Lei 3.00 presents the image of an aquatint etching by Antoine Kaindl, 1927, together with an icon painted in the Putna workshop which portrays Stephen the Great, holding in his hand the model of the monastery. The stamp with the face value of Lei 15.00 brings to our attention a current image of the monastery.
Issue Date: 05.07.2016 Designer: Mihail Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 5 Size: Stamp size: 48 x 33 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 124 x 114 mm (stamp size 36 x 36 mm)
The Romanian Blouse
The Romanian blouse, the basic piece of the female folk costume is more than a piece of clothing; it is a national symbol, a story and a history book.It is in fact a traditional Romanian shirt, made of hemp, flax, cotton, wool or raw silk, short, up to the waist, also called “ciupag” or long, with a hem.
The stamp with the face value of lei 3.50 presents Queen Elisabeta of Romania wearing a Romanian blouse from Romanati, Olt county. Often the Queen would encourage her ladies-in-waiting to clothe themselves in traditional folk costumes. The blouse, specific to the Romanati area has a small collar and embroidery on the top of the sleeve, made up of ribbons braids in a repeating “S” pattern. The decorative motifs are geometrical, floral and anthropomorphic, while chromatically the ultramarine colour predominates, with alternate gold metallic thread.
The stamp with the face value of lei 4 represents Queen Marie of Romania wearing a Romanian blouse from Dolj county. She dressed in traditional garb, along with members of the royal family or the ladies of the court, truly admiring the Romanian traditions and the folk costume which she made popular across the national borders. The blouse from the Dolj area is characterized by chromatic harmony, vivid tones of blue, red and white, the varied decor primarily made up of geometric motifs like diamonds, crosses and spirals. The ornamentation is arranged particularly on the sleeve, on the “altita” (the embroidery at the top of the sleeve), on the “incret” (the ornamentation on the sleeves of Romanian blouses, made between the “altita” and “rauri”) and on the “rauri”(vertical embroidery which runs like a river across the chest of a Romanian blouse).
The stamp with the face value of lei 4.50 represents Smaranda Braescuwearing a Romanian blouse from Muscel, Arges county. Smaranda Braescu was the first Romanian woman paratrooper with a patent, well known at that time also her love of the traditional folk costume, which she considered the best gala outfit, both at home and abroad. The Muscel female shirt is made of raw silk, pleated at the neck, with a drawstring over the folds. The material used for sewing is the “arnici”, a twisted and colourful cotton strand, painted scarlet, black, red, burgundy and purple colours, specific to the Muscel area.
The stamp with the face value of lei 16 represents Maria Tanase wearing a shirt from Padureni, Hunedoara county. The Lady of the Romanian song was a lover of national traditions and took the Romanian blouse abroad, where it was admired and applauded. Maria Tanase wears a shirt in a colour combination of white, black and red. Amid these colours specific to a Padureni blouse, discreet tones of purple, blue and green appear. The blouse’s ornamentation is made in geometric motifs: large diamonds, squares, diamonds halves which succeed each other compactly on the entire sleeve, giving the sow work a rich, embossed look.
Issue Date: 22.06.2016 Designer: Mihail Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 4 Size: Stamp size: 52 x 42 mm, Minisheet size: 158 x 111 mm Values: 3.50 Lei; 4.00 Lei; 4.50 Lei; 16.00 Lei