Issue Date: 23.03.2016 Designer: Mihai Vamasescu Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: Stamp size: ø 30 mm, Minisheets size: 156 x 90 mm; 120 x 130 mm, Souvenir sheet size: 100 x 150 mm (stamp size ø 30 mm), Blocks size: 114 x 170 mm (in the philatelic album); 90 x 60 mm (in the philatelic product)
Values: 1.00 Lei (x 2); 8.00 Lei
On the stamp with the face value of 3 lei is illustrated the Black Church, a Catholic church dedicated to St. Mary, which was built between 1383 and 1477 and is the largest Gothic place of worship east of Vienna, the most important architectural monument in Brasov and the largest house of worship in Romania (length approx. 90 meters, height of the tower at the cross 65 meters). It was destroyed and became Black after the great fire of 1689.
Illustrated on the stamp with the face value of 3.30 lei is Catherine’s Gate. Until the first half of the 19th century, Catherine’s Gate was the only entrance to the Brasov fortress from Schei. The First Romanian School is illustrated on the stamp with the face value of 5 lei. The stamp with the face value of 14.50 lei illustrates the Council Hall.
Issue Date: 17.02.2016 Designer: Razvan Popescu Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: Stamp size: 48 x 33 mm, Minisheet size: 108 x 121 mm, Block size: 106 x 137 mm (in philatelic album) Values: 3.00 Lei; 3.30 Lei; 5.00 Lei; 14.50 Lei
Romanian Curiosities and Superlatives
The smallest banknote in the world, according to the World Records Academy (the stamp with the face value of lei 3) emerged as a necessity in 1917, in the midst of the World War, when King Ferdinand I decided to pull from circulation the money made of gold and silver and replacing them with low-value paper money, which were in high demand in times of need. Its low value (five bills would have bought a kilogram of bread) ensured a fast circulation of the bill. Thus the trade wheels were turning further, in a way that could not be supported by large currencies. Paradoxically, times of inflation, with a large increase in prices, gave birth to the lowest value banknote, bani 10. The banknote, issued by the Ministry of Finance at the time, has the size of 27.5 mm and 38 mm, with the colors green and orange. The face of the King is printed on the obverse, and on the reverse, Romania’s coat of arms.
A special attraction for those traveling through the Apuseni Mountains is the mineralogical collection in Brad, known as the Gold Museum (the stamp with the face value of lei 3.30). In Brad, Hunedoara county, in the only Museum of gold in Romania, the most beautiful forms in which gold is found in the depths of the earth can be seen, incredible replicas of objects, plants or animals. The museum was shaped over time, for over a century, through the discovery in the depths of spectacular and expressive forms of native gold and keeping them in a collection.
With 3993 pipes distributed on 84 rows, 63 sound registers and 76 levers, a separate room for the 9 bellows, the Buchholz organ of the Black Church in Brasov is the largest mechanical organ in Romania and among the largest in Europe (the stamp with the face value of lei 5). The Buchholz organ is in its original condition, as it was built by craftsman Carl August Buchholz of Berlin between 1836 and 1839. The contract signed by the Evangelical community in Brasov and the Berliner manufacturer, in 1835, was worth 10.224 thalers, and the execution period was set at three years since the beginning of the work in 1836. The largest tube is over 9 m high and the smallest is under 2 cm. The keyboards are covered with ivory, the higher ones are ebony and the registers names are engraved on porcelain plates and covered with glass. Ornaments (consoles, towers and gables) are provided with special gilded linden wood carvings.
On the rocky bank of the Danube, near the city of Orsova, is the largest stone sculpture in Europe, which reaches 42.9 m in height and 31.6 m in width (stamp with the face value of lei 14.50). Made at the private initiative of the businessman Iosif Constantin Dragan, the bas-relief depicts the Last King of Dacia, Decebalus. Access to the sculpture, the work of Italian sculptor Mario Galeotti, is done only by boat, the rock where it was carved being above the deepest portion of the Danube (120 m), the tools, scaffolding, pulleys, rollers for cableways and so on being brought in a similar manner. The identification panel of the monument has the carved inscription: Decebalus Rex Dragan Fecit.
Also worth mentioning is the fact that Maount Rushmore in South Dakota, a monumental bas-relief with a sculptural aspect, dedicated to the four American presidents, is only 18 m high.
Issue Date: 24.02.2016a Designer: Vlad Vamasescua Process: Offset Colours: 4 Coloursa Size: Stamp size: 33 x 48; 48 x 33 mm, Minisheet size: 121 x 140; 140 x 121 mm Values: 3.00 Lei; 3.30 Lei; 5.00 Lei; 14.50 Lei