400 Years of the Austrian Archducal Hat
In 2016 the actual crown of Austria will be 400 years old, and Austrian Post is celebrating this anniversary by issuing a commemorative stamp. Although called a hat, this is, in fact, the crown of the Archduchy of Austria and was intended as the visual representation of the Hapsburg’s claim to power.The Austrian Archducal Hat, the symbol of the unity of the Austrian hereditary lands, has been preserved to this day. It is the centrepiece of the collection at Kloster- neuburg Monastery, and symbolises the Archduchy of Austria, the heartland of the Hapsburg Empire.
Issue Date: 04.03.2016 Designer: Gustav Assem Printer: Joh. Enschedé Stamps B. V. Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 50 x 34,5 mm Values: €1.50
100th Death Anniversary of Marie Von Ebner-Eschenbach
This year sees the hundredth anniversary of the death of one of the greatest female writers: Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach died on 12th March 1916 in Vienna at the age of 85. She left behind an impressive oeuvre, mostly comprising stories and novels. She was born 13th September 1830 as Baroness Marie Dubský at Zdislavice Castle near Kroměříž in Moravia. In 1879 she trained as a clockmaker – which was highly unusual for that era – and a year later her story Lotti, die Uhrmacherin (Lotti, the Clockmaker) was published, to popular acclaim. She had found her genre. Thiswas followed by works in prose such as Aphorismen, Glaubenlos?, the novel Das Gemeindekind (Child of the Neighbourhood) and the Dorf- und Schloss- geschichten (Village and Castle Stories). The latter includes the world famous story Krambambuli, which tells of a dog who perishes because of a conflict of loyalty to his old and new masters. Other novels, stories and novels in dialogue form followed, and Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach enjoyed great literary success. She was awarded the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, and in 1900 became the first woman to receive an honorary doctorate from the University of Vienna. She died on 12th March 1916 in Vienna, thus sharing both the year of her birth and the year of her death with Emperor Franz Joseph. She was buried in the family vault of the Counts Dubský in Zdislavice. Her clock collection can still be admired to this day in the Clock Museum in Vienna.
When she wrote her successful stories Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach was already about 50 years old. Throughout her entire life she remained sensible of the divide between rich and poor and of her social responsibilities: “To have and not to give is often worse than to steal.” Her stories are highly detailed studies of her milieu. Set within both the castle and the village, and populated with lively characters, or deal with conflicts experienced by the human soul. Her wise but witty aphorisms are still much quoted.
Issue Date: 05.03.2016 Designer: David Gruber Printer: Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 32,25 x 42 mm Values: €1.60