The United Nations Children’s Fund was founded on 11th December 1946 to provide emergency aid to children in post-war Europe. With this commemorative stamp, Austrian Post is supporting UNICEF Austria – the 2.32 Euro premium will be used to support UNICEF’s refugee aid projects in Syria and the surrounding area.
Issue Date: 18.02.2016 Designer: Karin Klier Illustrator: © UNICEF/Haidar Printer: Joh. Enschedé Stamps B. V. Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 50 x 31,8 mm Values: €0,68 + 2,32
Classical Trademarks : Fritzelack
The original poster was designed by the Austrian graphic artist Adolf Karpellus, who was born in Galicia in 1869, and by the turn of the century was a much sought after exponent of his craft. His particular style of poster was obviously popular with many contractors, and Karpellus became an expert poster designer, receiving the commission to produce the advertisement for Fritze Lacke in 1908.
“Denn in Lacken ist bestimmt Fritze an der Spitze” (“When it comes to paint, Fritze is without doubt the best”) was one of the slogans used by this firm, which grew out of a company that was founded in 1876.
Issue Date: 18.02.2016 Designer: Dieter Kraus Printer: Joh. Enschedé Stamps B. V. Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 31,8 x 50 mm Values: €1.00
Austrian Inventions : Ship’s Propeller
Austrian Post presents a great inventor who changed maritime technology for ever. Sadly, Josef Ressel was not able to profit from the international success of his ship’s propeller during his lifetime.
Josef Ressel was born on 29th June 1793 in Chrudim in Bohemia. From 1812 onwards he studied technological subjects such as mechanics and hydraulics at the University of Vienna. However, when the “Polytechnische Institut”, later to become Vienna University of Technology, opened in 1815, he could not afford to continue his studies. However, he was particularly interested in developing a screw propeller for steam ships, which could then replace the previously used paddle steamers and even sailing ships. In 1827 he was awarded a “privilege” for his ship’s propeller, and had already started to test it by building a ship called the Civetta. After finally overcoming a number of difficulties, the first test voyage was made in 1829 and was primarily successful, although a pipe in the steam engine burst and the authorities refused to sanction further test voyages. Although his propeller had worked impeccably, Ressel’s competitors presented the test voyage in a very different light. As a result, Ressel lost his financial backing and had to try to market his invention himself. The propeller soon became standard throughout the world, but Ressel received no recognition for it. When the British government offered a prize of 20,000 pounds to the “true inventor” of the propeller, Ressel submitted his documents, but received no response. It was claimed that his submission had gone astray, and the prize was shared between four British applicants.
Josef Ressel died on 9th October 1857 during a business trip to Ljubljana. Even if some question whether he was the sole inventor of the ship’s propeller – there were other similar inventions developed around that time – his influence on international shipping cannot be denied. In 1863 a monument was dedicated to him in the Resselpark in Vienna’s Karlsplatz, celebrating his invention.
Issue Date: 19.02.2016 Designer: David Gruber Printer: Joh. Enschedé Stamps B. V. Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 31,8 x 50 mm Values: €0.80