Birth Centenary of Chess Player Paul Keres
Paul Keres (07.01.1916 Narva – 05.05.1975 Helsinki) is the best known Estonian chessplayer of all time. He was born in Narva, graduated from the from the Pärnu Boys’ Gymnasium and studied mathematics at in Tartu University. Chess engrossed him starting from a very young age; in 1935 he became the Estonian master and rose to the absolute peak in 1938, winning the AVRO tournament in the Netherlands. He played at more than 70 international tournaments and won numerous first places; he was the first Estonian chess grandmaster. Keres is regarded to be one of the strongest chessplayer who did not manage to become world champion and therefore he has also been called the eternal second.
Issue Date: 07.01.2016 Designer: Riho Luuse Printer: AS Vaba Maa Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 48 x 30,5 mm Values: 0.65€
Tartu University Meteorology Observatory
On 2 December 1865 Arthur von Oettingen launched meteorological observations at the Tartu University Physics Cabinet. The tower of the building reproduced on the stamp was a long time the place of the observations. The results of the observations were presented in accordance of the new calendar, were published and gained extensive international distribution in the course of data exchange. In the course of time both the measured quantities as well as observation sites have been added. Starting from 2001, the Tartu-Tõravere meteorology station is in the network of solar radiation base stations 1. We can say that the observations that started 150 years ago served as the base of the weather service in Estonia. The first decade was the weather services cooperation period in the measurements, presentation of results and telegraphic forwarding and standardization in which also A. von Oettingen took part. Meteorologists were the first who, due to the dimension, extent and variability of their object took the road of globalization. Awakening of globalization, as we call the same period national awakening. 1 Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN).
Issue Date: 02.12.2015 Designer: Jaan Saar Printer: AS Vaba Maa Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 40,8 x 29,1 mm Values: 0.65€