Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss -French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of modern architecture . His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and the America.
In the 1950s, a unique opportunity to translate the Radiant City on a grand scale presented itself in the construction of the Union Territory Chandigarh the new capital for the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana and India’s first planned city. Le Corbusier designed many administration buildings, including a courthouse, parliament building, and a university. He also designed the general layout of the city, dividing it into sectors.