Theme of the World Environment Day 2014 is “Small islands and Climate Change” and through this theme, the attention was drawn to small Islands and climate change. One of the major environmental challenges face by these countries are rise of sea water level due to climate change.
At present, with the growth of population, burn of fossil fuel, degradation of forests and mixtures many kind of atmospheric gases have created new challenges to human and physical environment. After beginning of industrial revolution, necessity of power had been gradually increased. Power generated through burning coal, fuel and fossil fuel were used for activities such as houses illumination and vehicular movements. Many small Island countries have successfully faced their energy needs challenge and found appropriate solutions.