Portugal – Mexico Joint Stamp Issue
The first known interactions between the Portuguese and the Mexicans occurred between 1519 and 1521, during the period in which Fernando Cortês may have settled in the land of the Aztecs. Diplomatic relations between Portugal and Mexico began a few centuries later, when in 1864 Francisco Facio, Ambassador of Mexico residing in Madrid, presented his credentials in Lisbon. The reciprocal act occurred on July 19, 1865, by the Viscount of Sotto Mayor, then Resident Minister in Denmark.The commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the beginning of official diplomatic relations in 2014 express, in this context, the symbol of a common commitment on rising the bilateral relationship to a new strategic level, culminating upon the scheduled State Visit of His Excellency the President of the Portuguese Republic to Mexico, next December.
Issue Date: 06.06.2014 Designer: Helder Soares Printer: Cartor Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 40 x 30.6 mm Values: €0.42, €0.80
The National Team in the 2014 World Cup in Brazil
It was on December 18th, 1921, that the National Football Team held its first official match. It was against Spain and took place in Madrid. We lost 3-1, but the result was considered by the Portuguese media as being \”very honourable\”. That historic National Team included big names such as Cândido de Oliveira, Jorge Vieira and Ribeiro dos Reis. For the Spanish team, the main figure was the great Ricardo Zamora, perhaps the best goalkeeper in the world, in his days. On June 28th, 1925, after four defeats always against Spain, there was finally a victory. The first victory of the National Team was against Italy, at the Lumiar Stadium, packed with 16,000 spectators. The result was 1-0, with a goal by João Maia.
During these 93 years, the National Team had its moments of both joy and sadness on the field. We remember only the former ones. Some of these went down in history, like the 1928 Olympic Games in Amsterdam, where Portugal reached the quarterfinals, and (a lot closer to us) the 1966 World Cup in England, where Portugal came third, and the 1984 European Championship in France (another third place). In Riyadh, in 1989, we were World champions in the under-20 category. We later revalidated this title at Benfica\’s Luz Stadium in 1991, before 120,000 spectators, against Brazil.
In 1996, at the European Championship in England, we reached the quarterfinals, and in 2000, again another third place, at the European Championship organized jointly by Belgium and the Netherlands. 2004 was the year of our great disappointment. Before our public, at Estádio da Luz in Lisbon, we lost the Finals of the European Championship to Greece. These were followed by a fourth place in Germany, at the 2006 World Cup, and by honourable places in the 2008 European Championship organized by Austria and Switzerland, and the World Cup in South Africa.
Issue Date: 16.06.2014 Designer: Elizabete Fonseca Printer: Offset Process: Cartor Colours: 4 Colours Size: 40 x 30.6 mm Values: €0.42, €0.72
Extreme Sports 2014
Diocese of Funchal :500 years
The most extensive bishopric known to exist is the Diocese of Funchal, if we consider its origins […]. When it was granted diocesan status, in 1514, under the jurisdiction of the vicar of Tomar, the territory included all lands discovered or conquered so far, which had been donated to the Military Order of Christ by Prince Henrique and King Duarte, urged by the former», so wrote Madeira-born Henrique Henriques de Noronha in 1722, in his Secular and Ecclesiastical Memoirs for the Recording of the History of the Diocese of Funchal on the Madeira Island, Formerly Primate of All Conquests, Distributed According to a System Devised by the Royal Academy of Portuguese History.
Having maintained his authority over the entire Order of Christ, in Tomar and Santarém, as well as in Africa, Ceuta, Tetouan, Valdânger and Alcácer, Bishop Diogo Pinheiro saw it extended to include his new Diocese of Funchal; according to the 17th-century historian, the territory encompassed the Madeira, Porto Santo and Desertas Islands, the Archipelagos of Azores, Cape Verde and São Tomé, Congo, Angola, Brazil, the entire African coast, Guinea, including the Arguim and São Jorge da Mina Castle and India, whose territory extended as far as China.
The Diocese achieved its greatest expansion between its creation (Leo X – «Pro excellenti preeminentia»; 12/06/1514) and its elevation to Archdiocese (Clement VII – Consistory Letter of 31 January 1533). Martinho of Portugal was «Archbishop of Funchal, Primate of the Indies and all new lands, charted and uncharted» from 1533 to 1539 (F. A. Silva; C. A. Meneses – Elucidário Madeirense) or 1537 (E. C. N. Pereira – Ilhas de Zargo). These authors also disagree on the dioceses overseen by the Diocese of Funchal. According to the former, suffragan dioceses included Angra, Cape Verde, São Tomé (whose territory extended to Congo and Angola) and Goa (comprising India, China and Japan), whereas only São Tomé and Goa were considered by the latter.
Loss of favour with King João III led to the extinction of the position of Archbishop (1547) and of the Archdiocese (Julius III – Super universis, 1551). The establishment of the first diocese outside Continental Europe led to the creation of others, from theDiocese of Brazil (in 1551, at the request of illustrious Madeiraborn Jesuit Manuel de Nóbrega) to the Diocese of Arguim, where the sole Portuguese temple in Africa still stood in 1638 and which still kept its diocesan status in 1911, «which remained as of yore», as foreseen by Noronha. Deeply rooted in Franciscan teachings, the Church of Funchal brought about «the spiritual awakening of the archipelago» (Silva; Meneses… vol. III, page 15 and following).
People prepare for Christmas by rising early and attending Birthgiving Masses. Brotherhoods devote themselves to the Holy Communion and feasts in honour of this sacrament are held in every parish after the Feast of Corpus Christi.This devotion earned the archipelago the title of Islands of the Blessed Sacrament. The Church of these Missionary Islands pays homage to the Holy Spirit during Pentecost by having the Divine Holy Spirit visit the local families, bearing Its charitable cup.
Issue Date: 12.06.2014 Designer: Atelier Design&etc / Elizabete Fonseca Printer: Cartor Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: 30.6 x 40mm Values: €0.42, €0.50, €0.72, €0.80