May Day is synonymous with International Workors Day or Labour Day .May Day can refer to various celebrations conducted on May 1 that commemorate the fight for the eight hours day. The idea for a \”workers holiday\” began in Australia in 1856; after a Stonemason\’s victory, April 22nd was \”Eight-Hour Day\”, a public holiday. With the idea having spread around the world, the choice of May 1st became a commemoration by theSecond International for the people involved in the1886 Haymarket affair.
The Haymarket affair occurred during the course of a three-daygeneral strike in Chicago USA that involved common laborers, artisans, merchants, and immigrants. Following an incident in which police opened fire and killed four strikers , a rally was called for the following day at Haymarket Square. Towards the end of the rally, as police moved in to disperse the event and opened fire on the unarmed crowd on the plea that an unknown assailant threw a bomb into the crowd of police. The bomb and resulting riot left at least a dozen people dead, including one policeman.T he trial led to the eventual public hanging of four anarchists.The Haymarket incident was a source of outrage from people around the globe. In the following years, memory of the \”Haymarket martyrs\” was remembered with various May Day job actions and demonstrations. May Day has become an international celebration of the social and economic achievements of thelabour movement. Although the commemoration of May Day as International Workers\’ Day received its inspiration from the United States, the U.S. Congress designated May 1 asLoyalty Day in 1958 due to the day\’s perceived appropriation by the Soviet Union.Alternatively,Labour traditionally occurs on the first Monday in September in the United States. People often use May Day as a day for political protest.