Today is Mahavir Jayanti. Bhagwan Mahavir was the 24th and last Tirthankar of Jain religion. He was born on Chaitra Shukla 13th, 599 B.C. at the oldest Republic of the World, Vaishali to King Siddhartha and Trishla. He was a prince, but left his home at the age of 30 to become an ascetic (a religious person who practises self-denial). He plucked out his hair, discarded his clothes, and wandered for 121/2 years, fasting and practising severe penances in his search for truth. At the age of 42 he attained enlightenment (a state of divine experience, or understanding ultimate truth). Mahavir rejected the two Hindu notions of the social system of caste (divisions in the Hindu social system) and the rituals of sacrifice. After attaining enlightenment, for the next 30 years he travelled across northern India, teaching an austerely ascetic path to purity and peace. His first preaching described five ethics of Jainism which were -1. SATYA – TRUTH SPEAKING 2. AHIMSA – NON VIOLENCE 3. ACHAURYA – NON STEALING 4. BRAHMACHARYA – celibacy 5. APARIGRAH – NON ACCUMULATION\”JIYO AUR JEENE DO\” was his most popular slogan.He attained NIRWAN at the age of 72 on Kartik Amavashya day 527 B.C. from PAWAPURI (Bihar).
On the occasion of 2600th Birth Anniversary of Bhagwan Mahavir, India Post had issued a stamp on 6th April 2001 (Mahavir Jayanti). Before that, on the occasion of 2500th Nirwan anniversary also, India Post had issued a stamp on 13th Nov. 1974 which bears Temple of Pawapuri, the Nirwan place. East Germany issued a stamp on the painting of Bhagwan Mahavir on 23rd Aug. 1979. This painting is exhibited at Berlin Museum, Germany. Many special covers have also been issued on Mahavir Jayanti. Such covers issued at Ajmer and Patna are exhibited here.I am also exhibiting one post card and one full sheet bearing US Mystamp on Mahavir.