Israel Resistance Radio (1939-1948)
During the struggle against the British authorities prior to the establishment of the State of Israel, each of the three Jewish resistance movements, Haganah, Etzel and Lehi, operated clandestine shortwave radio stations meant to circumvent broadcasts by Kol Jerusalem, the radio station run by the British Mandate in Eretz Israel.This station, which began broadcasting in 1936 in three languages (English, Hebrew and Arabic) was subject to British censorship and could not utilize its Hebrew programs to broadcast national and political messages. The resistance radio stations took it upon themselves to bring listeners vital and uncensored information, accompanied by material related to the unique activities of each movement.Shortly before the establishment of the State, the station changed its name to Kol Hacherut (Voice of Freedom).On Independence Day, the newly established state\’s national radio adopted the name Kol Yisrael.
Technical Details Issue Date: 11.02.2014 Printer: Cartor Security Printing, France Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: H40 / W30
Israel\’s National Heritage – Landmarks
The bond between the People of Israel and Eretz Israel has remained strong for thousands of years. Previous generations left behind a myriad of sites that tell us how the inhabitants of Eretz Israel lived during different periods. These sites attest to the cultural and historical heritage of the Jewish people in their homeland.In 2010 the Israeli government initiated the Empowerment of National Heritage Infrastructure Project, The Heritage Project includes hundreds of cultural assets, five of which are featured on the stamps in this series.City of David, Jerusalem,Ein Keshatot, Golan,Synagogue, Peki\’in,Detention Camp, Atlit and Independence Hall, Tel-Aviv
All five stamps are issued in a special sheet, designed to emphasize the connection and the link between the different historical periods. The colored stripe running along the stamp tabs and the upper selvage of the sheet represents the timeline. The continuity of the Jewish presence in Eretz Israel is reflected in the faces of its residents and in artifacts from those times…The top Margin of the stamp sheet depicts a signet ring from the First Temple Period featuring a warrior holding a bow and an ancient Hebrew inscription \”Lachagav\” (belongs to a man named Chagav), Beit Achikam in the City of David, the mosaic found in the ancient synagogue in Tiberias, the Aleppo Codex, a 19th century illustration of a Jew praying at the Western Wall*, young people carrying agricultural tools in the Jezreel Valley in the 1930\’s, the Israeli flag and a crowd celebrating the announcement of the UN Partition Plan on November 29, 1947. Issue Date: 11.02.2014
Red Gerbera Definitive Stamp
The Gerbera, or Transvaal Daisy, is an ornamental plant belonging to the sunflower family (Asteraceae). It was named in honor of German botanist Traugott Gerber and originates from the Transvaal region of South Africa. The Gerbera has a large head with striking two- lipped ray florets in various colors. The flower heads can be as small as 2cm in diameter (mini) or up to 12cm (Gerbera ‘Golden Serena’). The Gerbera has a long stem and no leaves. The Gerbera is extremely popular and is widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers, which last for a relatively long period of time. In recent years new Gerbera species have been cultivated which are designed to grow in flowerpots. There are five discernible types of Gerbera flowers, based mainly on the rows of petals and they way in which these are arranged: single, double or duplex, crested doubles, full crested doubles and quilled crested doubles.
Issue Date: 11.02.2014 Printer: Cartor Security Printing, France Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Values: H26.1 / W20.16
Makhtesh – Ancient Erosion Craters in Israel
The dynamic earth has formed almost unique geological landforms in the Negev desert. An erosion surface removed the hard limestone and dolomite rocks of the fold’s crest, exposing the underlying friable sandstone, which was eroded, forming a deep transverse valley. The creeks drain into the Dead Sea – Arava valley, through a single outlet, incised into the southeastern flank. The closed valleys are surrounded by steep cliffs, 200–400 m high. This type of breached valley or erosion crater is known as a “makhtesh”. A makhtesh is a “geological window” through which the ancient strata are revealed.
A makhtesh contains a variety of different colored rocks, and diverse \”fauna and flora”. The area of each makhtesh has been declared a nature reserve, providing an ideal location for recreation and leisure with trails for hiking, cycling and jeep tours.
Makhtesh Ramon, located near Mitzpe Ramon, is the largest crater, up to 40 km long, 9 km wide, and 500 m deep. It has been designated as a national geological park. The sandstone, multi- coloured clays and gypsum rocks were mined in the early days of the State of Israel, forming the basis of the ceramics industry in Israel. To add to the diversity of the geology, dark basalt volcanic rocks are exposed and eroded into hexagonal columns. The sedimentary rocks have been intruded by rare magmatic rocks with an unusual suite of metallic minerals.
Makhtesh Gadol (the large crater), located near Yerucham, isthesecondlargestcrater,5kmby 10 km, and is drained by \”Nahal Hatira”. The erosionhasexposedapetrifiedforest. Thevaried and colourful sand provides an opportunity to develop artistic skills by filling bottles with different sands. The white quartz sands are quarried for the glass industry.
Makhtesh Katan (the small crater), located near Dimona, is the most perfect of the Negev craters and is 5 km by 7 km. It is surrounded by steep limestone cliffs, and drained by Nahal Hatzera. To the east are rehabilitated rich phosphate rock quarries.
Technical Details Issue Date: 11.02.2014 Printer: Cartor Security Printing, France Process: Offset Colours: 4 Colours Size: H30 / W40