Since European settlement of Australia, poultry has been part of the domestic landscape of country areas. Historically, hen-keeping was also common in many towns, and once again it is on the rise in urban environments.
Many imported heritage and hybrid breeds can be found in backyards and on farms around the country, but there are four specifically Australian breeds of fowl that have been developed since settlement: Australian Game, Australian Pit Game, Australorp and Australian Langshan. This stamp issue by Australia Post celebrates these breeds, with the former three depicted on the stamps, and the Australia Langshan included on the miniature sheet.
The Australian Game was developed by farmers and fanciers in the early 19th century. This large bird had great egg-laying qualities and was appreciated on the dinner table.