As a part of the efforts to more clearly establish the identity of Korea\’s culture, stories about the founding of each ancient country in various time periods are being introduced. Following \”Dangun Wanggeom, the legendary founding father of Gojoseon,\” \”King Geumwa of Buyeo,\” \”Jumong of Goguryeo\” and \”Daejoyeong of the Balhae Kingdom,\” \”Park Hyeokgeose of the Silla Kingdom\” will be introduced.
After the collapse of Gojoseon, its displaced people moved to and settled in Gyeongju, forming 6 village hamlets. One day, the heads of these 6 village hamlets decided to found a nation. Around this time, a white horse was seen kneeling and crying beside Najeong (a legendary well) in Yangsan (Namsan), Gyeongju. Taking a closer look, the people found an egg there. When they cracked the egg, a boy emerged from it. When they bathed the boy, his body emanated a gleaming luster, with birds and animals dancing, the earth and the sky trembling, and the sun and the moon growing brighter. This is how he came to be named Park Hyeokgeose. After a while, beside a well in Alyeong, a dragon appeared and from its armpit, a girl was born. Named after her birthplace, she was named Alyeong. People built a palace in the western brink of Yangsan (Namsan), and raised these two consecrated babies. In 57 BC, Park Hyeokgeose was coronated as the king and Alyeong as the queen, marking the founding of the country named Seorabeol.
Silla (Seorabeol) founded in 57 BC expanded its power in the southeast region of the Korean peninsula, conquered Baekje and Goguryeo one by one by forging an alliance with the Dang Dynasty of China, to form the first unified country on the Korean peninsula in 676, though its territory was confined only to the south of the Daedong River and the Bay of Wonsan. Silla accepted the cultures of Baekje and Goguryeo, thus establishing the foundation on which our people\’s culture was developed and ushering in the golden epoch of refined culture. However, in 935, Silla\’s 992 year long history came to an end, as it was torn apart by powerful families who became exceedingly dominant in local provinces.