Slovenia:New Stamps on Bumble Bee

\"\"Issue Date 28th Sep 2012,  designed by Andrejka Cufer, horizontal format (4 \’80 x29.10mm) four colour printed 25 copies toothed leaves 14 ¼ x 13 ¾ Senator Natral Litho on paper 96 grams in print vaba MAA AS (Estonia). 

Bumblebees, gender Hymenoptera, have ways that heavy and thick hair, flying, buzzing loudly. For the neophyte are like bees, although slightly larger. Have a great expansion (about fifty species are found throughout the European continent and nearly three hundred for the rest of the world). Slovenia has detected the presence of about thirty species. As with bees, insects extract pollen from flowers and are very useful in agriculture. Last spring jumped currently theft of hives beekeepers with many ending in Granada and Almeria greenhouses where vegetables pollinate flooding European markets. In 2007 the Civil Guard recovered nearly 400 hives in an operation mounted to try to prevent these thefts silent causing great losses to foresters.

The female hibernates in any corner and rides his nest with a single inlet, makes the wax cell and full of pollen soaked in honey, eggs deposited on it and they will be born larvae. In early May the first workers appear to have grown after the colony is dedicated to provide food for larval feeding that will ensure the success of the next generation of insects. Towards the end of summer colonies of some species have between 50 and 400 individuals among which we find the famous drones whose mission is to monitor and protect the nest. In case of danger, \”applied\” its corrective, in some cases, causes skin rashes that sometimes take months to fade, it should not bother you especially once you have awakened from the slumber and come into full activity, nor comb their nests advisable, only females and workers have the sting.

The founder of the colony dies of old age in young females and males exist in sufficient numbers to ensure the survival, disperse and die, females usually are fertilized in flight, although it is also common in the nest. At the time it is ready to start search for the perfect place to winter and lead to a new generation.

Stones Bumblebee (Bombus lapidarius), 0, 40 SIT, usually measuring between 20-22 mm (Queens), 11-16 (workers) and 14-16 (males), black in color, has red-brown belly; The male is distinguished by the yellow hair on head and thorax. Species wide spread in Europe, usually nest underground in rock piles or rubble although it is not uncommon to locate cracks in the walls of houses. The size of their nests often varies and is home to colonies of 200-400 individuals. It is one of the most common bumblebees in Central Europe but intensive agriculture and pesticides is causing havoc in the world of insects and the species are being displaced from their natural habitat. In Slovenia colonized territories of up to 1300 meters high and pollinates up to 200 species of plants.

Thistles Bumblebee (Bombus pascuorum), 0.44 SIT, this is one of the most common species in our country, one of the most biodiverse in the entire European continent. The queen is 16-18mm, workers and males 10-15 13-14 mm. It is one of the smaller species but very useful for the survival of countless species of flowers that need your collaboration for pollination. Their nests often house colonies of up to 150 workers, a very aggressive species, work everything if touched her nest. His chest is yellowish or reddish brown, usually appears by our meadows in mid-April and a new colony is ready for generational change by mid-August and October. In Slovenia, we found up to 1700 meters.

Thistle bee (Bombus humilis), 0.77 SIT, it is a common alpine species between 3000-4000 meters, but not uncommon in lower areas, especially in the British Isles. It specializes in the flora of high meadows and streams, wetlands or marshes. They fly well into the fall and is widespread in the area of Europe, Russia, the Tibetan plateau and northern China. Its size is usually 16-18mm (queens) and 10-15 (worker). His period of activity usually occurs between May and September, their nests barely 100 individuals. It is one of the endangered species, reddish brown stripe has a feature in the upper abdomen.The distribution on Slovenian territory does not exceed 1100 meters and is in the process of disappearing.

White ass Bumblebee (Bombus lucorum), 0.92 SIT Hojita block, this species is quite common even in the winter periods in the Iberian Peninsula, is a species that has a characteristic white ass and quite close to a number of wasps killer. They are between 20-22mm (Queens), 11-17 (workers) and 14-16 (males), is a leading for use in agriculture to pollinate there has also been one of the most widely abused when inserting it into territories other than their natural habitat. It is the first to appear in early spring, usually mounted their nests underground and it is estimated that every day visit over 5,000 flowers. Maintains colonies of 300-400 individuals and is located in Slovenia to 2000 meters. Is widespread throughout the Northern Hemisphere, not only on the European continent, but in Alaska, British Columbia and the Canadian Northwest Territories.

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