By Sreejesh Krishnan
Gujarat Circle of India Post will organize a State Level Philatelic Exhibition at Vadodra from 23rd to 25th December 2011 at Akota Atithi Gruh, Akota, Vadodara.
Vadodara formerly known as Baroda is the third most populated city in the Indian State of Gujarat . It is also known as the Sayaji Nagari (Sayaji\’s City after its famous ruler, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III or Sanskari Nagari (The City of Culture, a reference to its status as the Cultural Capital of Gujarat). Vadodara or Baroda, formerly the capital city of theGaekwar state , is situated on the banks of the Vishwamitri , a river whose name derived from the great saintRishi Vishwamitra . It is located southeast of Ahmedabad , 139 km from state capital, Gandhinagar . Ankottaka was a famous centre of Jainism in the 5th and 6th century AD. Some of the Akota bronze images can be seen in the Vadodara Museum. The city was once called Chandanavati after its ruler Raja Chandan of Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. The capital had also another name \”Virakshetra\” or \”Virawati\” (a land of warriors). Later on it was known as Vadpatraka or Wadodará, which according to tradition is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word Vatodar means \’in the heart of the banyan tree\’. The first noted history of the city was of the early trader settlers who settled in the region in 812 AD. The province was mainly Hindu-dominated with Hindu kings ruling till the year 1297. The Gupta Empire was the first power in the region in the early years of the Christian Era . After fierce battles, the region was taken over by the Chalukya Dynasty . Finally, the kingdom was annexed by the Solanki Rajputs . By this time the Muslim rule had spread across India, and the reins of power were then snatched by the Delhi Sultans . The city was ruled for a long time by these Sultans, until they were easily overthrown by the Mughal emperors . The Mughals biggest problem were the mighty Marathas who slowly but eventually took over the region. It became the capital of the Maratha Gaekwad .Sayaji Rao III (1875–1939), a most able ruler, made many public and bureaucratic improvements in the region. Although the British had a major influence on the region, Baroda remained a Princely state until Independence. Like many other princely states, Baroda also joined the Dominion of India in 1947.