The symbol of Indian Rupee typifies India\’s international identity for money transactions and economic strength. The Indian Rupee sign is an allegory of Indian ethos. The symbol is an amalgam of Devanagari \”Ra\” and the Roman Capital \”R\” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the \”equal to\” sign. The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15th July, 2010.The symbol, conceptualised and designed by Udaya Kumar, a post graduate in Design from Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, has been chosen from thousands of concept entries received by the Ministry of Finance through an open competition among resident Indian nationals. The process of establishing and implementing this new identity is underway through various digital technology and computer applications.
The National Anthem of India is played or sung on various occasions. Instructions have been issued from time to time about the correct versions of the Anthem, the occasions on which these are to be played or sung, and about the need for paying respect to the anthem by observance of proper decorum on such occasions. The substance of these instructions has been embodied in this information sheet for general information and guidance.
The National Anthem – Full & Short Versions
The composition consisting of the words and music of the first stanza of the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore\’s song known as \”Jana Gana Mana\” is the National Anthem of India. It reads as follows:
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
The above is the full version of the Anthem and its playing time is approximately 52 seconds.
The official language of the Republic of India is Hindi in Devanagari script.The individual states can legislate their own official languages, depending on their linguistic demographics. Article 345 of the Indian constitution provides recognition to \”official languages\” of the union to include Standard Hindi or any one or more of the languages adopted by a state legislature as the official language. Until the Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution in 1967, the country recognised 14 official regional languages. The Eighth Schedule and the Seventy-First Amendment provided for the inclusion of Sindhi,Konkani, Meiteilon and Nepali, thereby increasing the number of official regional languages of India to 18.