India:National Symbols (4)

By Anurag

Currency Symbol

The symbol of Indian Rupee typifies India\’s international identity for money transactions\"\" and economic strength. The Indian Rupee sign is an allegory of Indian ethos. The symbol is an amalgam of Devanagari \”Ra\” and the Roman Capital \”R\” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the \”equal to\” sign. The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15th July, 2010.The symbol, conceptualised and designed by Udaya Kumar, a post graduate in Design from Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, has been chosen from thousands of concept entries received by the Ministry of Finance through an open competition among resident Indian nationals. The process of establishing and implementing this new identity is underway through various digital technology and computer applications.

National Anthem

\"\"The National Anthem of India is played or sung on various occasions. Instructions have been issued from time to time about the correct versions of the Anthem, the occasions on which these are to be played or sung, and about the need for paying respect to the anthem by observance of proper decorum on such occasions. The substance of these instructions has been embodied in this information sheet for general information and guidance.

The National Anthem – Full & Short Versions

The composition consisting of the words and music of the first stanza of the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore\’s song known as \”Jana Gana Mana\” is the National Anthem of India. It reads as follows:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

The above is the full version of the Anthem and its playing time is approximately 52 seconds.

Official Language

The official language of the Republic of India is Hindi in Devanagari script.The\"\" individual states can legislate their own official languages, depending on their linguistic demographics. Article 345 of the Indian constitution  provides recognition to \”official languages\” of the union to include Standard Hindi or any one or more of the languages adopted by a state legislature as the official language. Until the Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution in 1967, the country recognised 14 official regional languages. The Eighth Schedule and the Seventy-First Amendment provided for the inclusion of Sindhi,Konkani, Meiteilon and Nepali, thereby increasing the number of official regional languages of India to 18.

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18 Responses to India:National Symbols (4)

  1. N.A.Mirza says:

    Dear Mr. Anurag
    Keep up the good work. Incidentally, I have seen Indian currency symbol on one more recent stamp. Also, the currency symbols now appear on coins of Rs.10, 5, and two. Allow me a few days to track them and hopefully I will forward them to PhilaMirror, of course through you only.
    All the best.

    N.A. Mirza

  2. Sandeep says:

    Dear Anurag Ji,

    Thanks for the very informative article on the National Symbols.

    About the new Rupee sign, given by the Government of India to the public on 15.07.2010, I would like to add, from point of view of philately that, in commemorative issues, this symbol appeared for the first time in:
    – XIX COMMONWEALTH GAMES, Delhi (4 stamps) – issue date 03.10.2010

    One of the participants of Rupee Symbol design contest challenged the selection procedure for new sysmbol, describing it as ‘full of discrepancies’ and ‘flawed’. This writ was however dismissed by Court as unjustifiable, on 26.11.2010.

    The symbol was seen again (for the second time) in the issue:
    – LALIT KALA AKADEMI – issue date 31.12.2010.

    On 31.03.2011, the Court allowed the petitioner, to file public interest litigation against the selection process.

    After that, we have not seen the new Rupee symbol in any other issues, till date. (Any latest news on this would be interesting to know!).

    The existing system of stamp denominations indicates the monetary value in ‘Paise’ e.g. 500, 650, 1000 etc. With the anticipated usage of the new Rupee Symbol, the denomination needs to be printed in ‘decimal system’ like Rs 5, Rs. 6.50, Rs. 100 etc. to avoid confusions, like in Gandhiji’s Khadi stamp (issue date 12.02.1011).



    Is there any relation between the filing of suits & India Post using or not using Rupee Symbol? I think not!! India Post issued CWG Stamp Set using the Rupee Symbol even before the suit was dismissed on 26.11.10.
    And after Lalit Kala stamp issued on 31.12.10 where the Rupee Symbol
    was last used uptill 31.03.11. several stamps were issued, none using
    the Unified Rupee Symbol.
    Soon, this symbol is going to be incorporated on all the keyboards
    all over the world.

  4. Anil Nawlakhe says:

    It’s right to say ‘the existing system of stamp denominations’ indicates the monetary value in ‘Paise’ rather that ‘Rupee’s, the fraction rather than ‘base unit’ for which symbol has been adopted.

  5. Dinu says:

    Dear Nawlakheji,

    Then the value of Gandhi Khadi MS…
    Is it Rs. 100 or nP 100?

    Thanks in advance for your clarification.

  6. Anil Nawlakhe says:

    This is what the culture of doubt being cultivated by not using the symbol of currency on stamps. RTI can let you to get the authentic answer from authority responsible for this. Here is another doubt at . When it was issued? Best luck to the query.


    Given the inflation of last 10 years no commemorative stamp
    stands a chance to be issued in paisa preceded by a rupee.
    India Post better say goodbye to two zeroes at least & use the
    space available on the art part.

  8. Anil Nawlakhe says:

    What is the ‘Authentic Monitary Unit’ in India for its currency at present?

  9. Anil Nawlakhe says:

    I quote from the Stamps of India COMPANION [] as-
    “This is in violations of good philatelic practice, UPU, WADP, and FIP regulations and will disqualify the issue for full listing status in the major catalogues worldwide.
    In a departure from the traditional way that the denominations are written on stamps of India, the denomination on the stamp is inscribed as ‘100’ and without any sign for Rupees and this can only
    be taken as one Rupee.
    If this stamp can be used for Rs 100 postage value then by the same logic the definitive stamp of Rs 50 denomination can be used for Rs 5,000 postage. This is however unlikely to happen almost as
    unlikely as any post office in India accepting Khadi stamp for Rs 100 postage value.”
    India Post immediately need to ‘OVERPRINT with Currency logo” on these issued stamps.

    • SUNIL KUMAR GARG says:

      Gandhi Khadi issue should have been withdrawn for it
      does not have two customary small oo-s.
      One more example has perhaps gone unnoticed-Sardar
      Patel Police Academy issue of Rs.20.- shows 2 followed
      by three small zeroes.
      Strange ways of India Post.

      • Sandeep says:

        Yes. Garg Ji,
        You are right about Sardar Patel Academy issue. Just noticed it…three zeroes. Very good observation. What a blunder by the stamp designers.

  10. SUNIL KUMAR GARG says:

    Banks are using the the Rupee Symbol, so is everyone except
    India Post. RBI has recently issued currency in Rupee Symbol.
    Perhaps our minister for posts can’t care less!!

  11. Anil Nawlakhe says:

    What was the first to bear the new logo of Indian Rupee- the postage stamp, currency note or coin? Dates please…

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