Israel is home to some of the world’s most advanced agricultural research and its many achievements related to increasing crop yields, the high quality of its agricultural produce and its ability to react quickly to market needs are highly esteemed.Stamps on these achievements will be issued in June 2011.
One way to measure water salinity is based on electrical conductivity. Water contains many salts, including chloride, sodium and sulphate. The higher the salt content of the water, thus its electrical conductivity increases.
Numerous studies regarding the use of saline water for crop growing have been conducted by the Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences Institute of the Agricultural Research Organization (Volcani Center); by the Institutes for Applied Research at Ben Gurion University of the Negev, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Agriculture and at regional agricultural research and development centers such as the Ramat Negev R&D Center; by the late Israel Prize recipient Yoel de-Melech and his colleagues; and by Southern Arava Research and Development at Yotvata.