Today is world wetland Day.This marks the 40th anniversary of Ramsar convention where Convention on Wetlands was adopted on 2nd February in 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea.
The Ramsar Convention (The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilisation of wetlands. i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognising the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.
The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance now includes 1912 sites (known as Ramsar Sites) covering around 1,853,000 km², up from 1,021 sites in 2000. The nation with the highest number of sites is UK at 168; the nation with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Canada, with over 130,000 km².In India 125 Ramsar Sites including Chilka lake,Sambhar lake,Ghana Keoladeo National Park and upper Ganga region.