India and Mexico, both vibrant and pluralistic democracies, established diplomatic relations in 1950 and completed 60 years. To commemorate the completion of the 60 years of diplomatic relations, India Post released a set of 2 stamp and a Miniature sheet depicting the Kalbelia Dance of Rajasthan,India and Jarabe Tapatio, the National Dance of Mexico.Kalbelia Dance of Rajasthan,India
is very famous dance in Rajasthan India. Kalbelia dance is of the kalbelia tribe of rajasthan, the snake charmers. Kalbelia community’s occupation being catching snakes and trading snake venom in Rajasthan. Dancers dress traditional black swirling skirts during Kalbelia Dance. Kalbelia Women and Girls dance on the rajasthani folk music during this dance. The rajasthani folk music plays in background and the Kalbelia women and girls dance.
Kalbelia Dance of Rajasthan is a unique dance of kalbelias. Two or three women sing traditional rajasthani songs and others play the musical instruments.
During Bhavai dance there are some of musical instruments played with folk music like pakhwaja, dholak, jhanjhar, sarangi, harmonium and plaintive notes of the ‘been’ which is the wooden instrument of the snake charmers. During the Kalbelia Dance of rajasthan we can see the flexibility of the dancers body.
Jarabe Tapatio, The National Dance of Mexico
The Jarabe Tapatío, known in English as the Mexican Hat Dance, is the title of the musical piece and the dance that accompanies it, which is accorded the title of the \”national dance of Mexico\”..The musical piece, a medley of Mexican folk music, was composed in the 19th century by a professor of music in Guadalajara, Jesús González Rubio.
The Jarabe Tapatío dance in its standardized form was first choreographed by the Mexican , in the early twentieth century to celebrate a government-sponsored fiesta that commemorated the successful end of the Mexican Revolution.
Since then, it has become a folk dance popular throughout Mexico and the Southwestern United States. It serves as a symbol of the national pride and honor of the Mexican people.
The dance tells the story of love and courtship. It can be performed either by a couple or a group of couples. A charro, dressed in the traditional charro suit, a three-piece suit composed of a vest, jacket, and pants bearing silver buttons down the seam, makes initial courtship gestures to la china (wearing the traditional China Poblana outfit). They flirt throughout the beginning of the dance, during which time the man attempts to woo the woman with his zapateado (stamping and tapping) and his machismo.
Just as he has impressed the woman, he becomes drunk with glory, and is shooed away as a borracho (an inebriate), but ultimately, he succeeds in conquering the china, throwing his hat to the ground and kicking his leg over his partner\’s head as she bends down to pick it up. The two do a triumphant march to a military tune called a diana, and the dance ends with a romantic turn or the couple hiding their faces behind the man\’s sombrero in a feigned kiss.
The dance was further popularized by Anna Pavlova who created a staged version in pointe shoes, and was showered with hats by her adoring Mexican audiences. In 1924,